Mini-splits are heating and cooling systems that allow you to control the temperatures in individual rooms or spaces.
Mini-split systems have two main components — an outdoor compressor/condenser and an indoor air-handling unit(s) (evaporator). They are easy to install usually requiring only a three-inch hole through a wall for the conduit; which houses the power and communication cables, copper tubing, and a condensation drain line, linking the outdoor and indoor units.
Mini-split heat pumps are not only great solutions for whole home or new constructions but make good retrofit add-ons to houses with “non-ducted” heating systems, such as hydronic (hot water heat), radiant panels, and space heaters (wood, kerosene, propane). They can also be a good choice for room additions where extending or installing distribution ductwork is not feasible, and energy efficient new homes that require only a small space conditioning system.
Mini-split systems have little-to-no ducts, so they avoid the energy losses associated with the ductwork of central forced air systems. Duct losses can account for more than 30% of energy consumption for space conditioning, especially if the ducts are in an unconditioned space such as an attic or basement.
Central air systems require expensive and intrusive ductwork. Any homeowner who has priced out having central air installed understands how prohibitively expensive it is.
A package HVAC unit combines multiple units, such as an air conditioner and heater, into a single unit. The unit is usually placed outside. Split systems, on the other hand, divide each system into its own unit, so your heater and air conditioner are separate.
What is a Split Air Conditioner System? A split air conditioner consists of an outdoor unit and an indoor unit. The outdoor unit is installed on or near the exterior wall of the room that you wish to cool. This unit houses the compressor, condenser coil and the expansion coil or capillary tubing.
In split air conditioner, Gas, a refrigerant, is fed into the compressor where it is pressurized. The pressurized gas then goes through a succession of tubes that are meant to condense it into a liquid. The liquid is still pressurized and travels through the condenser tubes until they come to an expansion joint.
A split system air conditioner is a refrigerative air conditioner that splits its components into two parts: an indoor unit, which contains the evaporator component, and an outdoor unit which houses the compressor and condenser components.
Split system air conditioners are one of the most popular types of cooling and heating systems as they are fairly easy to install and comparatively affordable to purchase. As the table below shows, they can also be reasonably cheap to run, so long as you’re sensible about your usage.
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